Kruger National Park
Afrikaans: Nasionale Krugerwildtuin
of Kruger Nasionale Park,
Engels: Kruger National Park
or short Krugerpark,The launch National Parks South Africa has a unique flora and fauna and maintains it through the National Parks. There are currently twenty scattered throughout the country. The Kruger National Park is the oldest and was founded in 1889 when there was only some big game in the country. Today, the parks are controlled by the quango South African National Parks. A big change that you will encounter the Big Five! Kruger Park is a large game reserve in the northeast of South Africa, on the border with Zimbabwe and Mozambique. It is one of the most famous game parks in Africa and annually attracts a large number of tourists. Here on the photo, you can see that you must be aware for elephants.advice becarefull in the Krugerpark KLIK HIER VOOR DE LAATSE MELDINGEN DIE GESPOT ZIJN IN HET KRUGERPARK [su_youtube_advanced url=”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VCsThPzj-xk” rel=”no”] met mobile klik volledig scherm History Due to increasing hunting with more modern weapons came late nineteenth century the need for protection of nature in general and wildlife in particular. The people’s council of the South African Republic (Transvaal) forbade the hunting therefore between the Sabie and Crocodile River. In 1898, President Paul Kruger of the ZAR on the setting of the Sabie Game Reserve. Shortly afterwards came the Second Boer War (1899-1902) from which little of nature ended. In 1903 – Transvaal was now after the lost war became a British colony – was British Major James Stevenson-Hamilton, the first chief constable of the area. He was a passionate nature lover and dedicated himself to expanding the area. Year after year, under his leadership more and more areas in the reserve. In 1916 a railway line built, so the public could easily reach the park and it was interesting for tourists. A third milestone was reached in 1926 when UZA-Minister Piet Grobler Lande decided here the first national park in South Africa to set up. It was named after one of the founders of the park, Paul Kruger. For several years, the park is part of the Greater Limpopo Oorgrenspark border, which includes parks located in Mozambique and Zimbabwe are included. Krugerpark Het Kruger National Park is 380 km long and 60 km wide and has a total area of ??about 20,000 km2. The park includes 25 camps, including 12 large camps like Skukuza, Lower Sabie and Satara. All camps are fenced. Only in these camps, and in designated areas such as picnic areas Tshokwane, it is permissible for visitors to step out of the car. Besides size, the park is also famous for the variety of species. Of these, the ‘Big Five’ most famous: the lion, buffalo, leopard, rhino and African elephant. The latter lives in the Kruger Park, the largest population in the world. In 2003 the park had 11,700 African elephants. In addition to these five animals, there are many others such as the giraffe, the hippo, impala, wild dog, zebra, cheetah, hyenas, baboons and several species of birds. The park also has more than 300 archaeological sites, such as Masorini and Thulamela. These archaeological sites date back to the Stone Age, Iron Age and from the time of the Bushmen Sometimes people get kilt Memorial plaque of Charles Aldridge Swart kilt by leopard Kruger National Park South Africa The figures show how much the wild is reduced De BIG FIVE : African elephant, Rhino, Cape Buffelo, Leopard, Lion
South Africa’s “Big Five” Checklist.pdf
This term originated back with big game hunters in the area, trusting in their ability to detect and kill these wild animals with little risk to themselves. Brag with their stories of impressive kills in a variety of bushveld scenarios, these hunters had a select group of animals specifically for their cruelty and danger. These animals were elusive, season aggressive, dangerous and possessed physical qualities (size large, sharp teeth, speed, muscle strength), which hunt their particularly difficult and successfully made. Years later, these animals are still familiar with this term, the famous big five. De BIG FIVE :African elephant, Rhino, Cape Buffelo, Leopard, and the extreem populair Lion
Cape Buffelo: Buffalos have earned a bad reputation from hunters and other people who come in close contact with them. They are unpredictable and can be dangerous if cornered or wounded. Buffalo are extremely large, ox-like animals. Standing approximately 65 inches at the shoulder, adult males have a mass of up to 1760 pounds and females weigh up to 1650 pounds. To support the large body, the legs are very heavy. Front hooves are larger than the hind because of the extra mass they carry in the huge head and thick neck. Both sexes carry horns, which in the males can grow to 1.5m. Buffalo varies considerably in size, with some of the forest populations half the size of those from the plains and Savannah.
Elephant: The Elephant’s muscular trunk serves as a nose, hand, extra foot, signaling device and a tool for gathering food, siphoning water, dusting, digging and a variety of other functions. The long trunk permits the elephant to reach as high as 23 feet. It is capable of powerful twisting and coiling movements used for tearing down trees or fighting. The trunk of the African elephant has two finger-like structures at its tip. The tusks, another remarkable feature, are greatly elongated incisors (elephants have no canine teeth). Tusks grow for most of an elephant’s lifetime and are an indicator of age. They are “right or left tusked” using the favoured tusk as a tool, shortening it from constant wear.De Luipaard De meest geheimzinnige en ongrijpbare van de grote carnivoren,
Leopard: The coloring of the leopard varies from white to bright golden brown, spotted with black spots and rosettes. The rosettes consist of groups of 5 to 6 spots arranged in a tight ring. The tail is longer than half the body length measured from head to tail. This fierce animal has small round ears and long whiskers growing from dark spots on the upper lip. The size of the leopard varies considerably. The leopard differs from the cheetah in having shorter legs, and rosette-like spots and is without the cheetah’s black “tear” marks from eye to mouth.
De Lion: Leeuwen Lions are the second largest members of the feline family in the world. Lion are tan in colour and have a slightly white under-body, with a tuft of black hair at the end of their tails.Most cat species live a fundamentally solitary existence, but the lion is an exception. It has developed a social system based on teamwork and a division of labour within the pride, and an extended but closed family unit centres around a group of related females. The average pride consists of about 15 individuals, including five to 10 females with their young and two or three territorial males that are usually brothers or pride mates
Rhino: The rhinoceros is a large, primitive looking mammal that dates from the Miocene era millions of years ago. In recent decades rhinos have been relentlessly hunted to the point of near extinction Since 1970 the world rhino population has declined by 90 percent, with five species remaining in the world today, all of which are endangered. The white or square-lipped rhino is one of two rhino species in Africa. It in turn occurs as two subspecies, the southern and the northern. The southern dwindled almost to extinction in the early 20th century, but was protected on farms and reserves, enabling it to increase enough to be reintroduced. The northern white rhino has recovered in Democratic Republic of Congo from about 15 in 1984 to about 30 in the late 1990s. This population has been threatened by political conflict and instability. DOWNLOAD THIS PDF ROUTE’S
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25 Things to know about Kruger Nationale Park
Satara – Kruger Nationale Park is Kruger National Park
is the biggest national park of South-Africa, but Kruger is much more then that.
Yearly come milions of tourist to this so special nature reserve,
to search for the Big Five (Rhino, Lion, Elephant, Buffelo and the Leopard) there is a big variety of antilope and birds.
Go S-Africa show you 25 things you must know about Krugerpark
picture left Impala Lelie of Sabi Star, Apocynaceaeto find in
Kruger Nationale Park and is flowering in july,
depending of the locatieon even till septembre.
The jus of this plant is extreem poisend i the past used
on arows to kill animals.. mocht u overwegen van kamp naar kamp te trekken hier eenlink met de tarieven en welke kampen Krugerpark campsites
|1. 21.497 sqkm, this the size of Kruger and is big as Nederland, Israël,El Salvador en Slovenie
|2. Kruger Nationale Park is the best park proclamed on (31 may 1926)
|3. the first visitor per car Kruger came in 1927
|4. it is named after Paul Kruger, President of the Transvaalse republiek who made campane in 1884 to conserve the nature without hunters
|5. James Stevenson-Hamilton (born in 1867) was the first ranger, and official on 1 juli 1902
|6. Kruger count 254 cultural herretige within this 130 rockpaintings
|7. Archeologisch research and foundings on 300 locaties, subjects found from out of the stone age going back to 100.000 year
|8. In 1994 the western border with Mozambique increased with another 2.000 sqkm
|9. Today Kruger is part of the Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Park (south-Africa, Mozambique and Zimbabwe) with this the total area is 35.000 sqkm. in the future it wil increase to 100.000 sqkm
|10. 9 of the biggest eco-systems meet eachother in Kruger National Park
|11. the temeture can reach 42 degree Celcius: in sumer (november til april) in het Kruger Park or sometimes more. Beware you always have enough drinking water and use sunblock. the most restcamps have swimmingpools!
|12. In the winter months its nice with tempetures of 20 en 25 degree, but in the evening and special at night it can be very cold.
|13. there are more then 23.000 plantenspecies in the park
|14. 507 birds, 336 trees, 147 mamals, 114 reptiles, 49 fish and 34 amfibieën species in Kruger
|15. no any other wild park in the world count so many animals as in Kruger.
|16. +/- 13.000 elephant life in the Kruger National Park, this is with the size of the park 62.5% more then the park can handle.
|17. Rhino pooching is the biggest trhred. Kruger Nationale Park is the niggest target in 2010 333 where killed for the horn. In 2009 it was 122 and in 2008 just 83.
|18. the five most importand trees in Kruger are Baobab, Fever Tree, de nobacasia, the Marula and the Mopane
|19. Big Five stands for importand troffee animals to hunt it is the elephant, buffelo, rhino, leopard and lion
|20. Krugerpark count 12 main camps, also some satteliet camps, bushveld camps, private lodges and bird and animal observation posts where you can stay over night.
|21. From Johannesburg the nearest gate to Kruger (Malelani of Numbi), is at least a drive of 4.5 – 5 uur. the best and shortest route is from the N12, then on the N4 to Kruger
|22. 8.680 km, roads are through the park , included the tar rouds , dirt roads, border controle areas maintenance roads and fire roads.
|23. 25km/u is the best speed to spot the animals. speedlimit on tar roads is 50km/u and on the dirt roads 40km/u, but the best to spot animals is 25km/u . beware if you use the crowded tarroads between de restcamps, here the messure your speeive fines. also it is possible that an animal jump out of the bush in front of your car.
|24. the open and close times are diffrent in summer and winter. in summer the camps open 4u30 in the morning. the gates at Kruger on 5u30 if you drive early you have the most change to see an animal. after 10 in the morning it become to hot and the animals look for shadow, this way they are hide behint the bush . the same is for the midday, after 15 a 16u you also spot more wild.
|25. Kruger Nationale Park is malaria-area so take procorsions.
KNP GATE QUOTAS IN FORCE DURING THE FESTIVE SEASON With the festive season around the corner, The Kruger National Park (KNP) would like to remind Day Visitors about the gate quotas when planning their holiday. To avoid disappointment, Day Visitors are urged to book in advance in order to secure their entry in the park since daily quotas will be strictly enforced throughout the festive season period. The procedure is that once the daily quota has been reached, only people with valid bookings would be allowed in. Day Visitors who pre-book their visit are expected to pay a non-refundable deposit of R32 per adult and R16 per child; which is meant to secure their space because they would have been counted in the number that make the daily quota. Although in operational all throughout the year, the gate quotas are mostly reached during long weekends and public holidays. “If anyone is planning a visit on those days, it is recommended that they either arrive at the gate very early in the morning as the service is on first come first served basis or pre-book their entrance via Central Reservations (012 428 9111)”; explained the KNP’s GM: Communications and Marketing, William Mabasa. There have been instances where some of the pre-booked Day Visitors arrived at the gate and expected to be excluded from paying the Conservation Fees. Mabasa went on to advise Day Visitors to take note that even if they have pre-booked for their visit, this does not exempt them from paying Conservation Fees upon arrival at the gate but booking only secures them entry. Day Visitors with advanced bookings are also expected to arrive at the booked gate by no later than 13:00 on the date of the booking, because after 13:00 the booking lapses. To enhance efficiency at the gates, various security structures as well as honorary rangers will be deployed in order to assist gate staff with managing the queues and other different services of the gates. “All visitors are also reminded to adhere to the rules and regulations of the KNP, with particular emphasis on littering, speeding, getting out of cars, loud noises; otherwise it becomes one of the potential areas of possible conflict between park officials and the public.” “We also request visitors to plan their trip by observing gate opening and closing times so that they do not find themselves arriving late at the camps or gates either on their way in or out of the Park;” concluded Mabasa. Each gate has its limited number of Day Visitors that can be allowed per day e.g. Kruger Gate 750 and 500 for the other gates such as Punda Maria, Pafuri, Phalaborwa,